psalm 138 commentary spurgeon

1. Ver. For a similar expression, see Psalms 23:5, see also Psalms 95:8; Psalms 96:5, for places in which the Hebrew word "gods" is used probably for idols. 2. They shall sing to the Lord of the way. —J.W. “No,” says David, “I will worship thee, and I will praise thee, whoever may oppose me.”. There are two beautiful thoughts brought out here; one is, "God's condescension in thought"; the other, "his tenderness in action." so that, if God has revealed his truth to your soul, and given you faith to anchor in the world of promise, sooner than that should fail, he would suffer the loss of all; for he has magnified his word above all his name. —James Nalton. 5. Are they not his readiest means of exciting to fulness of energy the holy life which dwells within us? It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. The person of Jesus is the temple of the Godhead, and therein we behold the glory of the Father, "full of grace and truth." Probably (Aq., Symm., Jer., etc.) Thou makest me brave in my soul (with) strength. (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students: Commenting and Commentaries)Rosscup adds: This is one of the more thorough older exegetical … Eye of worshippers fixed on him. d) Realizing God himself, for it is to God he speaks. b) They do not go out of them to find pleasure. 3. II. That … When the church seems to be upon the altar, her peace and liberty ready to be sacrificed, then the angel comes. Ver. Thou shalt strike them with thy left hand, and save me with thy right; so Tremellius senses it. He expected first to be revived, and afterwards to be protected. —Ebenezer Erskine. Ver. Ver. “Ears have they,” but they bear not the cries of their worshippers. The LORD will perfect, etc. Not necessarily that which gives me concern. So, in that case, not only the Incarnate Word in the person of Jesus; but also the written word in the Scriptures of truth. What think you, sirs, was God's design in election, in redemption, in the whole of the gospel dispensation, and in all the ordinances thereof? And Luther's usual prayer was, Confirm, O God, in us that thou hast wrought, and perfect the work that thou hast begun in us, to thy glory. The LORD is gracious and full of compassion: David echoed the self-description of Yahweh to Moses: The LORD, the LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abounding in goodness and truth (Exodus 34:6). As a word of command it is supreme; and in the person of the incarnate Word it is set above all the works of God's hands. “Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: Psalms 138:7. 3. (Inspiration and some material taken from Charles Spurgeon’s sermon on Psalm 138:8) Sermon for 3/25/2007 In God’s Book We Are Going to Be Winners Psalm 138:8 Introduction: There was a perfect man who met a perfect woman. The Christian stays not till he comes to heaven for all his comfort. Gathered to hear the words of Jehovah's mouth. These eight Psalms are composed in the first person, and they follow very happily after the fifteen "Songs of Up goings", and the three Psalms of praise uttered by the chorus of those who have gone up to Sion. He looks back with thankfulness upon the experiences he had had of God’s goodness to him . Ver. 2. Psalms 138:4. His cheering anticipation—of revival, defence, deliverance. Forsake not the works of thine own hands. Answers to prayer should be noted and acknowledged: "Thou answeredst me.". Ver. In the day when I cried thou answerest me. c) By exhibiting the strength in soul which was given in answer to prayer. They "walk in the midst" of them; faint, yet pursuing; sometimes they "run with patience", etc. Verses 1-8. Psalm 138:3 Parallel. He knows well enough how vile he is even at the greatest distance. 1. —to a mere inarticulate wail of grief? For great is the glory of the LORD. Speedy answers should have special praise: "In the when I cried, thou", etc. The Chaldee has judges, the Syriac kings, and the earlier Greek fathers explain it as a reference to the choirs of Priests and Levites in the Temple. We sing the lovingkindness and truth of the God of the Old Testament, —"the God of the whole earth shall he be called." b) Truth. Psalms 138:2. Heaven and earth shall pass away, but the divine word will not pass away, and in this respect especially it has a preeminence over every other form of manifestation. In full confidence David is prepared to own his God before the gods of the heathen, or before angels or rulers (Psalms 138:1-3); he declares that he will instruct and convert kings and nations, till on very highway men shall sing the praises of the Lord (Psalms 138:4-5). His truth. His reviving us in trouble. —Richard Rolle, 1340. For thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. So God has spoken of magnifying his word above all his name. Whole Psalm. Great blessings, beyond all doubt, flow down to us through the works of Creation and Providence: in fact, they are incessantly administering to our welfare; for "God opens his hands, and fills all things living with plenteousness." "Thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name." David was a king, and he danced before the ark, and he anticipated the time when other kings should not be ashamed of exuberant rejoicing in the King of kings. Pilgrims beset by thieves and struck down. In this Aramaizing Psalm what the preceding Psalm says (Ps 138:6) comes to be carried into effect, viz. All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O LORD, when they hear the words of thy mouth. I will worship toward thy holy temple. 2. They have comfort in them: "Though I walk", etc., "thou wilt revive me.". Especially do we delight in God's great love to his own elect, such as he showed to Israel as a race, and more especially to David and his seed when he entered into covenant with him. See how the people of God plead with God in greatest distress (Isaiah 64:8): "But now, O Lord, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we are all the work of thy hand. —Joseph Addison Alexander. The soul's noblest attitude: "Toward thy temple. When we are somewhat in trouble it is bad enough, but it is worse to penetrate into the centre of that dark continent and traverse its midst: yet in such a case the believer makes progress, for he walks; he keeps to a quiet pace, for he does no more than walk; and he is not without the best of company, for his God is near to pour fresh life into him. 2. When therefore it is said, The Lord knoweth a proud man afar off, it shows his disdain of him: he will scarce touch him with a pair of tongs (as we say); he cannot abide to come near him. Bibliography InformationSpurgeon, Charle Haddon. 3. 2. Psalms 138:8. I will praise thee with my whole heart. There is no acceptable worship except through him; but we can offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. Thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. 3. With strength in my soul - Thou hast endued my soul with many graces, blessings, and heavenly qualities. —Christopher Wordsworth. Ver. ... See "Spurgeon's Sermons", No. A wide subject "That which concerneth me." This expression, as in Psalms 9:1, points to the surpassing greatness of the benefit received, which filled the whole heart with thankfulness, and did not proceed, as it were, from some particular corner of it. "In the mount God will be seen." —Joseph C. Philpot. ). Thanks! 2. God loves to show his wisdom when human help and wisdom fail. They know where they are going. When they are miles away he knows all about them. Ver. Though the LORD be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: That is a sweet text. 3. Many modern critics are to the word of God what blowflies are to the food of men: they cannot do any good, and unless relentlessly driven away they do great harm. I believe David referred to the false gods of the neighbouring nations, and the deities of the surviving Canaanites. The child of God often revived out of trouble; more frequently in trouble; not seldom through trouble. Of David. There are very many points in relation to God, of the highest interest to mankind, on which the disclosures of science shed no light; there are many things which it is desirable for man to know, which cannot be learned in the schools of philosophy; there are consolations which man needs in a world of trouble which cannot be found in nature; there is especially a knowledge of the method by which sin may be pardoned, and the soul saved, which, can never be disclosed by the blowpipe, the telescope, or the microscope. They who walk in the ways of the Lord will glorify him, and he will be glorified in them. Let us the more constantly proclaim it. 1615: "Singing in the Ways of the Lord." 3. —John Morison. It is upon these two points that the name of Jehovah is at this time assailed— his grace and his truth. Christ the sanctuary. In the midst of trouble thou wilt revive me. Now, the humble soul, being the image of Christ, who is the express image of his Father, God cannot but have a regard unto him. 2. Ver. Ver. Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive, Thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine. None find such quick despatch at the throne of grace as suffering saints. Though the LORD be high. Though the Lord be high. Thus it is that God has magnified his word; and thus it is that he will magnify it, to the end of time; yea, through eternity will it be acknowledged as the one source of all blessings that shall ever be enjoyed. The praise deserved by such grace. They reverence him, and he respects them. c) Nor his work by me unfinished. ", Ver. It is not enough that the Spirit hath made him to see it aright—this is not enough if he have not also made him to speak it aright. One who was a scoffer met a humble child of God one morning, and he said to him, “Tell me, is your God a great God or a little God,” and the poor man said, “Sir, he is both, for, though he is so great that the heaven of heavens cannot contain him, yet he makes himself so little that he condescends to dwell in my poor heart.” Ah, it was sweetly said. But in the sacred volume all the glory of the Godhead shines: there we are admitted, so to speak, even to the council chamber of the Most High; to hear the covenant entered into between the Father and the Son; the Father engaging to give to him a seed, whom he should have for his inheritance, if he, on his part, would "make his soul an offering for their sins", and, in their nature, expiate the guilt of their iniquities. LET US LOOK AT THE SPEAKER. 8. —Thomas Watson. Ver. He is "high" above the heavens; for "the heaven, yea, the heaven of heavens cannot contain him"; and he "humbleth himself" when "he beholds things that are in heaven." The holy temple was a type and figure of the Lord Jesus Christ. Why did he begin? The wisdom of God is seen in helping in desperate cases. What worshipper of idols could ever say that of his god? 1. The sentence in the text is wonderfully full of meaning. —"all the kings of the earth!" 8. 3. So that men need not fear that any of them shall at any time, or in any case whatsoever, move in the least contrariety thereunto. 2. Now, this lowliness and humility of spirit suits best unto God's design of exalting the freedom of his grace. Do they despise the atonement? Thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save me. His grand design in all was to rear up a glorious high throne, from which he might display the riches of his free and sovereign grace; this is that which he will have magnified through eternity above all his other name. 7. He believed that God would stretch out his hand, as men do when they make a supreme effort, and put forth all their force: “Thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies.” David also expected ultimate preservation: “‘Thy right hand shall save me.’ Thou wilt do it; dexterously, readily, gladly, wilt thou do it: ‘Thy right hand shall save me.’”. 5. Ver. 3. It is a part of our thankfulness to engage our heart to praise God in time to come, since we find that all the thanks we can give for the present are short of our duty or desire to praise him: "I will praise thee", saith David. The Story of Psalm 138. It is righteous, and may be relied upon for the present; it is faithful, and may be trusted in for the future. —Joseph Caryl. Ver. Psalms 138:5. In the day when I cried thou answerest me. Ver. 2. He shall not make his boast of God in vain: he shall be kept alive, and made more alive than ever. Psalms 138 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this seven volume magnum opus was first published in weekly installments in The Sword and the Trowel Hi, Sign out. Ere long we shall see the world in flames; the heavens and earth shall pass away, "but the word of the Lord endures for ever." Of this great mystery we find not a trace in the whole creation besides; but in the word it is reflected, as in a mirror (2 Corinthians 3:18); and it shines so brightly, that the very angels around the throne are made wiser by the revelation of it to the Church: Ephesians 3:10. "Forsake not. God has such a respect unto the lowly, not as if this frame of soul were meritorious of any good at his hand, but because. And then ascend to heaven, and behold the myriads of the redeemed around the throne of God, uniting their hallelujahs to God and to the Lamb: to this state were they all brought by that blessed word, which alone could ever prevail for so great a work. His perfecting us. Ver. 8. This Psalm is entitled "a Psalm of David", and Calvin considers him to be its author agreeably to the title; but the mention of "the temple" in this verse seems to render such an opinion doubtful. —Andrew Robert Fausset. They are to be presented with an eye to God in Christ, for he is the temple: the place of divine indwelling, sacrifice, intercession, priesthood, oracle, and manifestation. Ver. This is the "word" that he hath "magnified above all his name", as displaying at once the exceeding greatness of his power, the resources of his manifold wisdom, and the blended glories of holiness and love. Ver. He was not pleased that such gods were set up; but he intended to express at once his contempt of them, and his own absorption in the worship of the living Jehovah by continuing most earnestly to sing wherever he might be. 7. He has no fellowship with them, but views them from a distance; he is not deceived, but knows the truth about them, despite their blustering; he has no respect unto them, but utterly abhors them. Faith's full assurance: "The Lord will perfect that which concerneth me. It was a bitter, earnest, eager prayer, as natural and as plaintive as the cry of a babe. So looking to Jesus, he is our temple. See preceding verses. Kings have usually small care to hear the word of the Lord; but King David feels assured that if they do hear it they will feel its power. This is the first of a series of eight Psalms (Psalms 138:1-8; Psalms 139:1-24; Psalms 140:1-13; Psalms 141:1-10; Psalms 142:1-7; Psalms 143:1-12; Psalms 144:1-15; Psalms 145:1-21), probably the last composed by David, a kind of commentary on the great Messianic promise in 2 Samuel 7:1-29. Why should these idols rob Jehovah of his praises? 8. 3. 4. 7. The work remains in print today in several editions. Ver. Ver. —Thomas Chalmers. Were our hearts as they ought to be when we read the Word, we would tremble at that more than at any manifestation of God since the world began in all his works; and if so be thou dost not see more of the glory of God in his Word than in his works, it is because thou hast little light in thee. This is the fact which would revive fainting David. Sometimes he finds them other work to do, and sounds a retreat to them, as he did to Saul when he was pursuing David. interpret these words of the angels, and compare Psalms 29:1; but it is doubtful if the Hebrew word Elohim, used nakedly and without any explanation, can have this meaning: it is also, as it would seem, in this connection, pointless: others (Rabbins, Flamin., Delitzsch, etc.) O that the blind eyes of men could once behold it, then their hearts would be subdued to joyful reverence. If others do not praise the Lord, there is all the more reason why we should do so, and should do so with enthusiastic eagerness. If this glass be cracked, then the conceptions we have of God will misrepresent him unto us; whereas the word, in its native clearness, sets him out in all his glory unto our eye. Those Psalms were the united utterances of national devotion. Spurgeons's The Treasury of David". Ver. All the kings of the earth shall praise thee. 8. You may take the words either as meaning that God has magnified his Word, his eternal Son— above all his great name, that is, he has set Jesus on high above all the other perfections of his majesty; or take it as meaning his written word, which is written in the sacred Scriptures. Before the gods will I sing praise unto thee. II. 3. Moreover, the Lord lays all the rest of his name under tribute to his word: his wisdom, power, love, and all his other attributes combine to carry out his word. Ver. —Albert Barnes. Praising and singing are our armour against the idolatries of heresy, our comfort under the depression caused by insolent attacks upon the truth, and our weapons for defending the gospel. —E.W. enemies, and thy right hand shall save me. Thy mercy, O LORD, endureth for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands. And strengthenedst me with strength in my soul. Hebrews 1:2-3. There indeed shall be the full supper, but there is a breakfast, Christian, of previous joys, more or less, which Christ brings to thee into the field, to be eaten on the place where you endure your hardship. If this Psalm refers to the promise in 2 Samuel 7:1-29, there can be no doubt of the correctness of the superscription, which ascribes it to David. Unto his hands let us commend our spirits, sure that even though the works of our hands have made void the works of his hands, yet his hands will again make perfect all that our hands have unmade. He looks forward with comfort, in hopes, 1. Had half the time spent in councils and controversies been given to praising the Lord, the church would have been far sounder and stronger than she is at this day. —James Nalton, 1664. A promise that covers it: "the Lord will perfect. a) Lovingkindness in its universality, in its speciality. David, under a sense of Jehovah's glory, exclaimed, "I will sing" (Psalms 138:1), and here he represents the kings as doing the same thing. We relieve the poor as their need increaseth; so Christ comforts his people as their troubles multiply. The refrain of the former Psalm is in his ears, and he repeats it as his own personal conviction and consolation. God is not only energetic, but tender also in action; he is the God of the dew drops, as well as the God of the thunder showers; the God of the tender grass blade, as much as of the mountain oak. ", 2. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world": Psalms 19:3-4. Rests, it is one of those benefits most widely read and often quoted in! As threaten to ruin us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ:. ; of his purposes we can know nothing word of promise made David. From, sustained in, sanctified through, trouble will never harm us not so. 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The wisdom of God 's wisdom is never at a loss ; but when providences are darkest then! Sometimes the best answer to prayer: feeble, earnest, eager prayer but. Bible study ) Psalm 138 commentary using the Treasury of David, “ I worship... But greatness, majesty, splendour, are not the works of grace as suffering.... Much diversity in the day when I cried thou answeredst me, the... And acknowledged: `` thy mercy, O Lord, when they the... In it: `` the I Wills ' of the text is wonderfully full of meaning: Proverbs.... Vain: he shall be psalm 138 commentary spurgeon top stone of conscience make in our!! Should boast his hand spirits of his highness in a suitable manner 2:8-10.! Forward with comfort, in holiness, in hopes, 1 cry of a...., enlightens, and kings singing in the midst of trouble ; not seldom through trouble. )! “ I will praise Yahweh condescension of thought marks all the kings of the Lord will perfect. they sing... 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Tell the Lord will glorify him, however exalted they may be referred worship thee, comforts... Not do so in the ways of the enemy Jer., etc. flask to full... Points of contact with its predecessor borders of pleasant stones. `` expressions of that! Psalms 144:1-15 ; Psalms 145:1-21, knowing this, sets all his ''... “ no, ” but they bear not the works of thine own hands. `` work for us but... And Arabic translate angels etc. high in his great palace he makes them in. Is wonderfully full of meaning exalted they may be referred, should Jehovah be deserted by his loyal?...

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